History of Oxford Street in pictures
A gallery of images from the history of London's busiest shopping streets
Its hard to imagine that Oxford Street was once lined with independent traders selling their wares from small shops, while the main mode of transport wasn't the bus but horse and cart. Today, it is the capital's most famous shopping area, attracting millions of people each year to browse its department and flagship stores. Time Out takes a look back at images and facts about its history. Words by Abigail Lelliott
The Pantheon was a grand, domed building designed by James Wyatt. It opened in 1772 to provide a place for people in high society to enjoy a night out, housing several assembly rooms for the masquarades and concerts that were popular entertainment at the time.
It was later transformed into a theatre and bazaar, until 1937, when it was demolished for a new Marks and Spencer store to be built. The image shows the new store about to open in 1938. The granite fronted building of today was awarded Grade II listed status in 2009.