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The 12 essential Philadelphia museums

Find a little bit of everything in the top Philadelphia museums—from art and history to head-scratching medical oddities

Photograph: Courtesy Penn Museum/Tom Stanley

Philadelphia museums have a little something to offer every kind of museumgoer—whether they’re lovers of world-class art, have a passion for science or want to get up close and personal with some of the nation’s most revered historic documents. Follow this guide to discover the 12 most essential Philadelphia museums, and pair it with our list of the best Philadelphia attractions for a well-rounded, in-the-know visit to the City of Brotherly Love. Pro tip: Check our guide to the best free things to do in Philadelphia to find out which days of the week and month some of these spots offer gratis admission. It’ll put a little more change in your pocket when your belly starts growling for the best Philly cheesesteak in Philadelphia.

RECOMMENDED: Full guide to the best things to do in Philadelphia

Essential Philadelphia museums


Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Philadelphia Museum of Art is renowned for so much more than its role in Rocky. Overlooking the Schuylkill River, the crown jewel of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway impresses with its world-class collection of late-19th- and early-20th-century painting and sculpture. Its permanent collection already boasts masterworks by everyone from Picasso and Van Gogh to Brancusi and Frida Kahlo, but blockbuster special exhibitions held throughout the year bring in even more works of must-see art from around the globe. Besides being a place to roam through galleries, the Museum also serves as a beloved gathering place for the community. Look out for special programming including Art Splash for the kids, Wednesday night yoga and the popular Art After 5 on Friday evenings, which offers a chance to view art after-hours with a cocktail in hand and while live music flows from the Grand Hall.

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Ben Franklin Parkway - Kelly Drive

The Barnes Foundation

Though the decision to move the Barnes Foundation’s world-renowned collection from its original home in Lower Merion, Pennsylvania (a suburb of Philadelphia) to its downtown location in Logan Square in 2012 was controversial, the merits of the pieces of art are undoubtedly staggering. The founder, Albert C. Barnes, a wealthy chemist who invented the medicine Argyrol, amassed one of the leading collections of works by impressionist and modernist masters, including Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Pierre-August Renoir, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse and Henri Rousseau. With so many noteworthy artists, it’s no wonder that the museum’s 4,000-holdings are worth an estimated $25 billion.

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Greater Philadelphia

Penn Museum

If Indiana Jones was taking a holiday in Philadelphia, this would be his first stop. Located in West Philadelphia, the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology maintains serious scholarship and a wide-ranging collection of objects from around the globe sure to fire up your imagination and wonder. The shadowy Egyptian gallery with its 15-ton granite sphinx, ancient hieroglyph-inscribed columns and mummies will win over even the most jaded pre-teen or adult. The Chinese rotunda, with a soaring ceiling that stretches to 90 feet, houses sculptures and the famous Qing Dynasty 55-pound flawless crystal ball (once stolen from the museum grounds in 1988, but recovered by the FBI). Wander down hallways and discover treasures in the Etruscan, African, Greek and Canaan galleries that will bring out your inner explorer.

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University City

The Franklin Institute

If your kid can’t find something at this science museum to get excited about, you better check his or her pulse. A 20-foot-high marble Ben Franklin in the rotunda greets visitors upon arrival at this must-see stop in Philly. The Franklin Institute, though founded in 1824, remains on the cutting edge of science, learning and technology. Check out seriously not-lame exhibits such as Escape Rooms, the Fels Planetarium, the IMAX theater and virtual reality experiences. Then there are the perennial favorites: the four-story Foucault’s Pendulum, the Giant Heart, the 350-ton Baldwin steam locomotive and the 1948 T-33 Shooting Star jet.

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Logan Square

National Constitution Center

Who isn’t talking politics these days?. Better know your rights! Opened in 2003, the National Constitution Center is devoted to the living document that reflects our nation’s founding principles and values. With interactive exhibits, lectures, tours and films, it’s a great way for children, teens and adults to brush up on history. Don’t miss the 42 life-sized bronze statues of the founding fathers in the Signers’ Hall, designed to resemble the Assembly Room in Independence Hall. (Then take a short walk across Independence Mall to see the real thing.)

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Olde City

Museum of the American Revolution

This new museum—a $150 million project opened in April 2017—is a fun, high-tech addition to the city’s Revolutionary War coverage. Located in Historic Old City, it has weaponry displays, immersive experiences (stand under Boston’s Liberty Tree or face a British infantry charge at the Battle of Brandywine) and thousands of artifacts, including George Washington’s headquarters tent used from 1778 to 1783. The curators have taken pains to present the war from a diversity of viewpoints, including women, slaves, Native Americans, loyalists, Southern colonists, etc.

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Old City

Mutter Museum

This is invariably the museum that out-of-town guests beg to be taken to when visiting Philadelphia. Agree, if you dare. It’s jam-packed with stomach churning medical oddities, anatomical anomalies and pathological specimens that never fail to generate a steady stream of gawkers. If you’re not a squeamish type, then make sure to get a good look at the Soap Lady, slices of Albert Einstein’s brain, foreign objects removed from bodies, the “corset” skeleton and wet specimens from every part of the human body. Or check out the interactive exhibit that let’s you experience what it’s like to have your arm amputated. As the museum touts, get “disturbingly informed.”

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Center City West

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

You’ll know you’ve found the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA) on Broad Street when you spot a 51-foot-high inverted paintbrush and a crashed fighter jet stuck in the pavement. These works, respectively by Claes Oldenburg and PAFA alumnus Jordan Griska (he scored the decommissioned Navy aircraft on eBay!), are dramatically installed on the plaza outside the elegant Victorian-era museum and art school that opened in 1805. The museum—a gem designed by Philadelphia’s Frank Furness and George Hewitt in 1876—takes the viewer on a chronologically arranged tour of American art from the 1760s to today, with work by notable art all-stars including Benjamin West, Thomas Eakins, Winslow Homer, Mary Cassatt, Thomas Eakins, Alice Neel, Jennifer Bartlett, Alex Katz and Frank Stella. That's in addition to an itinerary of rotating special exhibitions throughout the year.

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Middle City East

Academy of Natural Sciences

This museum, founded in 1812, combines the romance of global exploration with smart, appealing programming for curious minds. Though it has an impressive scientific collection of more than 18 million plant and animal specimens from donations and explorers, the museum’s biggest appeal to kid visitors may be the spectacular dinosaur skeletons in the front gallery or the “Big Dig” exhibit where little ones can search for dinosaur bones in a faux excavation site. Don’t miss the live butterflies that you can walk among or the charmingly nostalgic—and possibly terrifying for the preschool set—halls of dioramas mostly from the 1930s and 40s that showcase Kodiak bears, bison, moose, musk ox, zebra, gorillas, tigers, pandas and the passenger pigeon.

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Parkway Museums

National Museum of American Jewish History

This museum examines all facets of what it means to be American and Jewish—from 1654 to the present. It tells stories of leadership, resilience and assimilation as it spotlights Jews fighting in America’s wars, as pioneers out West, as gangsters, athletes, entertainers, scientists, civil rights activists and more. The museum engages visitors with a variety of creative, interactive exhibits, documentaries on antisemitism, recording booths to tell your own stories and artifacts including one of Barbra Streisand’s costumes from Yentl, Irving Berlin’s piano and even Albert Einstein’s pipe. Though the original museum opened in 1976 at nearby Congregation Mikveh Israel, its impressive, $150 million sleek new home—right on Independence Mall—opened in 2010.

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Greater Philadelphia

Institute of Contemporary Art

A small museum with a big resumé on the University of Pennsylvania’s campus, the Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA) has been mounting exhibitions of major contemporary artists since its opening in 1963. Determined to present what was “new and happening,” it brought Andy Warhol to Penn’s campus for his first-ever solo museum show in 1965. Since then, the ICA has presented artists such as Robert Mapplethorpe, Laurie Anderson, Glenn Ligon, Agnes Martin, Damian Ortega, Pepon Osorio and Lisa Yuskavage. ICA doesn't cost a dime to tour, so stop in and get your gratis culture fix.

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University City

The African American Museum in Philadelphia

Founded in 1976, this modest museum has told the story of African Americans for decades. The draw here is the traveling exhibits including recent shows celebrating Ntozake Shange’s play for colored girls who have considered suicide/when the rainbow is enuf, photography by Shawn Theodore, Dawoud Bey and Gerard Gaskins, and a multimedia exhibition on racial bias in our judicial system.

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Olde City

Museum-hopping on a budget?

The best free things to do in Philadelphia

Many of the museums on this list offer free or deeply discounted nights throughout the week or month. Check out our guide to the best free things to do in Philadelphia to find out more.

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By: Robin Fradkin Matthews