1. Alcazaba and Gibralfaro
What is it? The clifftop Gibralfaro castle and the Alcazaba fortress and royal residence both date from the eleventh century and are linked by a stunning battlement walk. The Alcazaba is all delicate Moorish gardens and archways, while the Gibralfaro exudes military might.
Why go? It’s a hot and sweaty scramble uphill (you could take the lift, but where’s the fun in that?) to the Alcazaba, but you can dawdle under Moorish arches and soak up the views from the terraces. From the Gibralfaro, the views are even more spectacular.