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© Makol Agency / Novalja Tourist BoardRuins of the mostly sunken Roman town of Cissa are today replaced by the modern city of Novalja
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© xbrchxSalona was originally an Illyrian settlement turned by ancient Romans into Dalmatia's central city of the time
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© Rijeka 2020 European Capital of CultureThe torpedo was invented in Rijeka by local Ivan Luppis, and the city's torpedo factory peaked in the 1900s
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© Island of Krk Tourist BoardRuins of the Romanesque Church of St. Maraka on Krk island date back to the 12th or 13th century
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© Princeps d.o.o.Construction on the now semi-ruined Slavonski Brod fortress began in 1751 and lasted over 60 years
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© Istria CultureNezakcij, one of Croatia's most important archeological sites today, was Istria's oldest city and dates back to pre-Roman times
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© radkovskyA ruined stone house overlooks Dubrovnik
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© Abandoned Croatia18th-century Grlečić Jelačić palace murals still attempt to light up the crumbling space
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© Tomasz PacynaBuilt in 1333, the Ston walls served to protect the nearby Republic of Ragusa (today known as Dubrovnik)
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© ilijaaSamobor's Old City overlooks the modern-day town and was built in 1268 by Czech King Otokara
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© Boris Kačan / Croatian National Tourist BoardVela cave on Korčula, which was inhabited from the Stone Age (around 20,000 B.C.) to the Middle Ages, houses ruins today
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© EivanecOvergrown with various flora today, Opeka manor in Varaždin County is said to date back to the 18th century
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© Abandoned CroatiaDiesel trains known as 'Šinobuses' once connected northern Croatia but were replaced in the 20th century - they now sit in a train graveyard
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© Visit KrkThe Roman-era town of town Fulfinum on Krk island dates back to the 1st century
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© Museum of KninConstruction on the Knin fortress, which overlooks the Krka river, began in the 9th century AD
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© Nick KaneThe Island archipelago of Brijuni houses Roman-era ruined villas which date back to the 1st century AD
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© Lauh47Primošten peeks out from the ruins of 20th-century Hotel Marina Lučića, thought to have owned Europe's first nudist beach
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© Secret Dalmatia30 km from Zadar, ruins from ancient settlement Asseria preserve the memory of its inhabitants from prehistory to the late Roman era
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© BoytronicThe Zagreb industrial zone of Podsused was home to a massive cement factory in the 20th century
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© Just DubrovnikPrevlaka fortress was built in 1853 and sits on Croatia's southernmost peninsula
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© TrisThe Danilo people lived on the Dalmatian coast from 4700 to 3900 B.C. - pictured are their ruins near Šibenik
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© Ivo Biočina / Croatian National Tourist BoardThe medieval-era Klis fortress was built on a hilltop inhabited by Illyrians during the 2nd century B.C.
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© Nela LaptošBozdari mansion, built in the early 18th century, was a summer residence in Dubrovnik for the aristocratic Bozdari family
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© Sasa Halambek / Poreč Tourist BoardRuins of Poreč's Temple of Neptune, built in the 1st century AD
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© dreamer4787Zadar's ancient Forum was built between 100 B.C. and 300 A.D.
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© Ivo Biočina / Croatian National Tourist BoardStari Grad Plain on Hvar was inhabited in the 4th century BC - stone wall ruins still mark the settlement today
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© Nick KanePula's Roman-era 'Gate of Hercules' was built in the 1st century B.C.
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© Jasmina ParicThis hilltop dubbed 'Little Head of Bribir' is 15 km from Skradin and has ruins tracing from prehistory to the Middle Ages
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© dennisalexandrov1976Narona Archeological Museum near Metković houses ruins of a Roman temple and 17 marble statues from the 1st century B.C.
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© Miroslav VajdićKarlovac's Edison Cinema was the first self-standing movie theatre in Croatia, built in the 20th century and since abandoned
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© dennisalexandrov1976Vučedol Culture Museum near Vukovar houses excavations from the Vučedol culture which flourished between 3000 and 2500 B.C.
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© Nikola Štambak / Croatian National Tourist BoardOver 4000 UNESCO-protected medieval tombstones called 'stećci' can be found in Dalmatia
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© Nikola Štambak / Croatian National Tourist BoardThe snaking ruins of Kolođvar tower near Osijek date back to the 13th century, built as protection from the then-prevalent Tatar attacks
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© Boris Ščitar / PixsellBuilt in 1910, a rich man's villa named 'Hutter' in Zagreb's Podsused is unrecognisable today
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© Lara Rasin1254 Medvedgrad castle on Zagreb's Mount Medvednica
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© Darky DarkLate Roman-era compound Tarsatica, and its main entrance (pictured), have since been engulfed by the modern city of Rijeka
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© Ranko Suvar / CropixZagreb's 'Old Brick Factory' sits at the west end of Ilica street, abandoned since the 20th century
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© Zagreb County Tourist BoardNestled in the Žumberak mountain range, Žumberak Old Town dates back to the 13th century when it was built as a fort
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© Istria Tourist BoardOnce a site for gladiator fights, the Pula Amphitheatre was built in the 1st century A.D.
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© Abandoned CroatiaBadel 1862, the largest Croatian liquor producer, had a once-lively industrial factory in Zagreb; now abandoned
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© green5HRVindija cave in Krapina is the biggest site of Homo neanderthalensis remains and artefacts ever found
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© Ivo Biočina / Croatian National Tourist BoardRužica grad ('Rose City'), hidden within UNESCO Geopark Papuk in Slavonia, was first recorded in 1357
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© Milan PavlovićCult club Piramida ('Pyramid') in Pula was an 80s-90s hotspot, but has since been abandoned
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© Archeological Museum in ZagrebDestroyed in the 5th century during the Great Migration, the Roman-era town of Andautonia sits ruined in Ščitarjevo near Zagreb
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© My Poreč'Picugi' are a group of three Iron Age hilltop settlements located a few kilometres from Poreč
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© Croatia ReviewsSokolac Castle in Lika-Senj County, once home to local nobles, was first mentioned in 1343
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© UsienFunded by Bob Guccione, the founder of Penthouse magazine, Haludovo hotel and casino on Krk went bankrupt after one year
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© Istria CultureMonkodonja was home to a Bronze Age settlement and its ruins are located on a hilltop near Rovinj

In pictures: 48 photos of Croatia's fascinating ruins

Channel your inner Lara Croft or Indiana Jones

By Lara Rasin
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Croatia's rich heritage has been burgeoning since prehistoric times. Some relics of the past have been well-preserved, others wrecked by the wrath of nature, later settlers, or, simply, time. We're here to take you through the country's manifold ruins: from Stone Age settlements and Roman-era architecture to glam residences turned rubble and neglected nightclubs... plus much more. Behold our gallery of 48 photos exploring Croatia's most fascinating ruins.

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