With over 400 species of birds sighted in and around the island, Sri Lanka is recognised as a fantastic destination for bird watching. In addition to native birds, migratory birds arrive in flocks to escape the winters at home and bask in the warmer climate of tropical Sri Lanka.
Birding can be enjoyed at national parks, the country’s vast water bodies, scattered forestry throughout the island, rural villages and even within the city itself. You need patience, good eyesight and a well-researched mind to spot an elusive bird roosting between the boughs of a tree. Make sure your camera equipment is ready to snap a photograph. To keep a low profile and watch the birds in their element make sure to wear clothing that blends in with the greenery, and maintain absolute silence.
Sri Lanka contains a rich variety of habitats for birds, including wet evergreen forests, sub montane and montane forests, intermediate and dry forests, and scrub lands. As the topography of the island changes, while enjoying the transformation of the landscape, you can discover birds that are unique to a particular area.
The following are some of the best avifauna destinations in Sri Lanka for avid birdwatchers and enthusiasts. While you are at it, you are sure to observe other species of animals and plants as well!
National Parks and Sanctuaries across the island such as the Kalametiya Sanctuary, Rittigala and Gal Oya National Park or even the water bodies near the city such as Diyawanna Oya are other popular destinations for sightings of avifauna in the island.