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House of Terror Museum - Budapest - Hungary
Photograph: Shutterstock

The 13 best museums in Budapest

Feeling learned? Tour the very best museums in Budapest for some history, fine art... and a game of vintage pinball

By Jennifer Walker

Budapest may not be as renowned for its museums as nearby Vienna, but culture vultures shouldn’t despair: you’ll find plenty of excellent galleries and museums in the Hungarian capital. From the former secret police HQ to an array of world-beating art institutions, there’s no shortage of cultural mooching to be done here. Stray beyond the usual fine art, archaeology and artefacts, too, and you’ll find a whole host of quirkier museums and attractions that’ll certainly get those brain cells whirring. Whether you want to find out more about Hungarian agriculture or the country’s most famous spirit – or just play some retro pinball – there’s a museum in Budapest for you. 

RECOMMENDED: Full guide to the best things to do in Budapest

Best museums in Budapest

The exterior of the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest
Photograph: Museum of Fine Arts

1. Museum of Fine Arts

After being closed for renovation for a few years, the Museum of Fine Arts unbolted its doors overlooking Heroes’ Square with much fanfare. The romanesque main hall – closed since a bomb damaged it during the Second World War – reopened to the public with a colourful cast of characters on its gold-fringed frescoed walls. This impressive collection of fine art spreads over five floors, with treasures from ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome through to Baroque art. Highlights include a horse sculpture attributed to Leonardo da Vinci, and paintings by El Greco, Titian and Raphael.

A courtyard at the Hungarian National Gallery
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons / Nelson Pérez

2. Hungarian National Gallery

Inside the royal palace of Buda Castle, the vast collection traces the country’s creative history from medieval triptychs through to post-1945 art and sculpture. One highlight is the interior of the palace dome, hung with elegant wire-like sculptures. In peak season and when the weather’s nice, you can climb up to the viewing platform at the top. Be sure to check out Tivadar Csontváry Kosztka’s dream-like landscapes and Mihály Munkácsy’s realist masterworks.

The exterior of Ludwig Museum in Budapest
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons / Thomas Robbin

3. Ludwig Museum

The Ludwig Museum is a core component of the Millennium Quarter, a multi-building arts complex in a former industrial neighbourhood in Pest. It shares the same contemporary, cube-like building as the Palace of Arts, a state-of-the-art music hall. This contemporary museum contains an impressive pop art collection, including some Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, as well as modern art from across Central and Eastern Europe.

House of Terror Museum - Budapest - Hungary
Photograph: Shutterstock

4. House of Terror

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Number 60, Andrassy Avenue once inspired fear as the headquarters of the secret police. In 2002 it opened to the public as a museum to commemorate the victims of the fascist and communist regimes. The House of Terror stretches from the basement – where political prisoners were once interned – to the exhibitions on the second floor. You could quite easily spend hours here, whether playing around with the interactive installations or watching gripping first-person accounts from survivors.

A courtyard at Kiscelli Museum in Budapest
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons / Vadaro

5. Kiscelli Museum

The Kiscelli is tucked in a dramatic 18th-century former monastery in the Óbuda neighbourhood. These days it’s a museum housing a curious collection of artefacts that depict life in Budapest from the 18th century to the early 19th. Highlights include lush stained-glass, antique furniture and an array of beautiful vintage shop signs.

A staircase at Budapest History Museum
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons / Szilas

6. Budapest History Museum

This bookish museum, in the southern wing of Buda Castle, explores the history of the city from prehistory to the communist era. The collection includes Roman relics, Ottoman remains, medieval tapestries and gothic statues, but the really exciting stuff is found on the lowest level. Here you can explore the oldest rooms of Buda Castle, plus vaulted chambers and a 14th-century tower chapel.

The exterior of the Museum of Agriculture in Budapest
Photograph: Flickr / Thanate Tan

7. Museum of Agriculture

Set in the heart of City Park, this place is worth visiting for the location alone. Housed inside the grand Vajdahunyad Castle, a 19th-century construction based on a Transylvanian castle, the Museum of Agriculture takes up a palatial space with chandelier-lined halls and frescoed rooms. The collection is eclectic: think vintage farm equipment, taxidermy animals and loads and loads of antlers.

A pink room inside the Hungarian National Museum
Photograph: Goodfreephotos / Szilas

8. Hungarian National Museum

You’ll have no trouble finding this museum on Múzeum Körút (part of the Small Boulevard) which resembles a huge, ancient Greek temple. The Hungarian National Museum was once the epicentre of the 1848 revolution against the Habsburgs, when rebels gathered on its steps. Today it’s the largest museum in the country, featuring an extensive collection of archaeological findings and relics from prehistory to the communist era. Unlike the Budapest History Museum, this museum goes beyond the capital to cover the entire history of Hungary and the Carpathian Basin.

The grounds of the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Budapest
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons / Takkk

9. Holocaust Memorial Museum

This poignant, modern exhibition space wraps around a beautiful 1920s synagogue in the IX District. It’s a rather tough museum to stomach as it takes you through the history of the Holocaust in Hungary, including some graphic depictions of the concentration camps. The exhibition blends interactive displays, installations and personal artefacts, like glasses, pens and toys. At the end of the dimly lit chambers, you come out in the breezy blue hall of the former synagogue.

Some of the machines at Budapest Pinball Museum
Photograph: Budapest Pinball Museum

10. Budapest Pinball Museum

After something a little more light-hearted? Then delve into this curious basement in the Újlipót neighbourhood where you’ll find Europe’s largest interactive museum dedicated to pinball machines. As you enter, some 130 vintage consoles flash up ready to play (no need to bring any change – once you get your ticket you can play on as many as you like). Some date back to the 1880s – not pinball machines, but bagatelles, their predecessors – and you can also examine a Humpty Dumpty game from the 1940s, one of the first with flipper bumpers.

The bright interior of Mai Manó House of Photography in Budapest
Photograph: Máté Balázs, Mai Manó House, 2018

11. Hungarian House of Photography

Walk along Nagymező Utca just off Andrássy Avenue, and you’ll spot a gorgeous house clad with ceramics and frescoes. The building once belonged to Mai Manó, a 19th-century imperial and royal court photographer. Today it’s a museum dedicated to Hungarian photography. The highlight is Manó’s preserved former studio, but there’s an array of other brilliant exhibitions in this quirky museum.

A room inside the Roth Miksa Museum in Budapest
Photograph: Róth Miksa Museum

12. Róth Miksa Museum

You can find Miksa Róths stained all over the place – from the windows of the Hungarian Parliament to Mexico City. This small museum tucked in a house in the outer VII District close to Keleti Train Station offers a fascinating glimpse into the glass artist’s life and work. Visitors could probably spend a good couple of hours in this place, packed as it is with some of his most beautiful stained-glass works.

The Zwack Unicum Museum building
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons / Mister No

13. Zwack Unicum Museum

Unicum is a bitter digestive liquor you’ll find in every Hungarian bar and restaurant. A trip to the original factory in the IX District offers hints into the closely guarded family recipe, made with 40 herbs and spices – plus much else besides. You’ll wander through the cellars and taste a shot straight from the barrel, and there’s also a display of – completely unconnected – the world’s largest miniature bottle collection.

Still after tip-top recommendations?

The 13 best attractions in Budapest

Things to do

There’s no shortage of brilliant things to see and do in Budapest, but the Hungarian capital is much more than its magnificent monuments. After all, some of the best attractions in Budapest are its world-famous thermal baths, the thriving nightlife scene, and some very plush parks that must rank among Europe’s finest.


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