1/32Days of Glory (2006)
This is a historical tale, but French-Algerian filmmaker Rachid Bouchareb’s epic film about the contribution of the Maghreb to the liberation of France in 1944 says much about the relationship between France and its former colonies.
2/32La Ciénaga (2001)
The first film by Argentine filmmaker Lucrecia Martel, this is a troubling portrait of a bourgeois family in meltdown in the high plains of northwestern Argentina.
3/32Samson & Delilah (2009)
Far from a tourist postcard, this wise Australian film gives us a love story between two solvent-sniffing Aboriginal teens, Samson and Delilah, who live in a rundown community in the Australian desert.
4/32The Child (2005)
If you want to know what working-class, French-speaking Belgium looks like, look no further than the Dardenne brothers, whose Cannes-winning 2005 film tells of a young father who decides to sell his own baby and immediately regrets it.
5/32No Man’s Land (2001)
Bosnia, 1993. Croatian and Serbian troops find themselves stuck in the same trench in the heat of battle in this grimly funny satire.
6/32City of God (2002)
It might scare the hell out of anyone en route to watch the World Cup, but this punchy, vibrant story of a young photographer trying to survive life in a violent Rio favela is a high watermark of recent Brazilian film.
7/32Sisters in Law (2005)
This acclaimed documentary by British filmmaker, Kim Longinotto takes us into the courtrooms of Kumba in Cameroon and focuses on violence against women and female judiciaries.
8/32Nostalgia for the Light (2010)
This heartbreaking documentary contrasts the unknowable wonders of the solar system with ideas about a country coming to terms with its violent, tragic recent past.
9/32Maria Full of Grace (2004)
Directed by a first-time American filmmaker, this drama about a teenage drug mule puts a human face on the violence and exploitation of drug trafficking out of Colombia.
10/32The Return (2011)
This was a box-office hit in 2011 in Costa Rica—hardly a major filmmaking nation—and tells of a young man who returns to his country and family after being away in the US for ten years.
This Croatian film offers six related short tales, each of them investigating the state of the nation in the wake of the 1990s Balkan conflict. It even ends with the national anthem.
Colombia-born American actor John Leguizamo plays a TV reporter investigating a series of child murders who comes face to face with the brutal reality of life in Ecuador.
13/32Another Year (2010)
If the work of any filmmaker sums up modern Englishness, it’s got to be Mike Leigh: this 2010 film gives us one year in the life of a loving suburban couple, each in their sixties.
14/32The Class (2008)
This brilliant film plunges us right into the middle of a lively, diverse Parisian classroom, giving us a tiny, local snapshot of the modern French nation.
15/32The Edukators (2004)
What’s left for idealism and protest? That the question asked by this German drama about a trio of angry teens raging at the evils of global capitalism.
16/32An African Election (2011)
This documentary about the 2008 Ghanaian election follows the main contenders for three months and offers a unique insight into one of Africa’s most admired democracies.
Should we take rising-star Yorgos Lanthimos’s blackly funny film about a dysfunctional family raised by a Josef Fritzl-like dad as a comment on modern day Greece?
18/32Sin Nombre (2009)
The experience of illegal immigrants riding trains from Honduras through Mexico to the American border is portrayed with punishing realism in this drama by American director Cary Fukunaga.
19/32A Separation (2011)
Despite government efforts, the state of film production in Iran is still healthy, as proven by this Oscar-winning drama about a couple on the verge of divorce.
20/32The Great Beauty (2013)
Bunga-bunga parties, corruption, dinner with a Catholic cardinal, artworks by the masters—Paolo Sorrentino captures the beauty and ugliness of Italy’s capital city if not the country itself.
The long-running civil war in the Ivory Coast is viewed through the eyes of a 21-year-old who assassinates the president in the country’s first film to be selected for the Cannes Film Festival.
22/32I Wish (2011)
Three generations of an ordinary Japanese family appear in this heartfelt tale of two 12-year-old brothers divided by distance but united by a belief in magic.
23/32Amores Perros (2000)
Alejandro González Iñárritu’s stylish, violent debut film tackles the class divide of a country where half the population lives in poverty, with a tale of three lives connected by a car crash.
24/32North Sea Texas (2011)
This acclaimed and wistful seaside Dutch tale gives us a lovelorn teenager who dreams of freedom, America and the older boy next door.
25/32Half of a Yellow Sun (2013)
Nigeria has its own booming film industry—Nollywood—but this more arthouse international production, an adaptation of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s novel, takes us back to the dark times of the late 1960s civil war.
This lush black-and-white drama from director Miguel Gomes shows a country coming to terms with its colonial past.
27/32Pussy Riot: A Punk Prayer (2013)
Vladimir Putin may play nice for the UN, but this fearless documentary shows what life is really like in modern Russia for those who choose to express themselves outside the mainstream.
28/32The Host (2006)
Bong Joon-Ho’s madcap monster movie isn’t just a horror flick—it’s also a wise comment on how American involvement in South Korea has had some worrying consequences.
29/32I’m So Excited (2013)
Pedro Almodóvar is the top dog of Spanish cinema, and this isn't his best film by a long way—but you have to admire its attempt to combine a camp in-flight musical with state-of-a-nation commentary.
A boy makes a living stealing ski equipment in this stark tale of betrayal and deceit on the wrong side of Switzerland’s poverty divide.
What do we learn about Uruguay from this slow-burner comedy about a sock factory boss who asks an employee to pretend to be his wife? That in Uruguay you say "whisky" rather than "cheese" when someone’s taking your photo.
32/32The Wolf of Wall Street (2013)
Martin Scorsese’s outrageous drug-fuelled drama set in the cutthroat world of high finance shows that America is now a country where greed makes good.