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  • Attractions | Historic buildings and sites


The Pantheon is the best-preserved ancient building in Rome and what a marvel it is, says Livia Hengel


Time Out says

What is the Pantheon and why is it famous?

The Pantheon, built by Hadrian in AD 119-128, stands as Rome’s best-preserved ancient building. Originally a temple, it replaced an earlier structure built by Marcus Agrippa, confusing historians for centuries. Designed following the rules of Roman architect Vitruvius, its dimensions impress, with the dome's diameter equaling the building's height, accommodating a perfect sphere. The name is derived from the Greek word πάνθεον, which means ‘temple of all gods’. 

Who is buried in the Pantheon?

The building is still officially a church, and contains the tombs of eminent Italians, including the artist Raphael and united Italy’s first king, Vittorio Emanuele II. At its center lies the oculus, a 9-meter (30-foot) circular aperture serving as the sole source of light, symbolically connecting the temple to the heavens. 

Is it worth visiting?

Certainly, although you’ll now have to queue to go inside. The pantheon is impressive to see inside-and-out, and a visit is quick. You won’t need more than 15 minutes inside.

Is entrance to the Pantheon free?

Since July 2023, the Pantheon is no longer free to enter. Tickets are €5 for adults, €2 for 18-25 year olds, and free for visitors under age 18. Tickets, guided tours and fast-track entry can be found on GetYourGuide, and tickets can also be purchased on the Pantheon website bu typing ‘Pantheon’ and filtering by region ‘Lazio’. You’ll be asked to create an account to purchase tickets and you can only purchase tickets within the same month of your visit.

Where can I eat nearby?

The Pantheon is in the heart of Rome so there are countless places to eat nearby. Some of Rome’s most famous addresses are just around the corner: Sant'Eustachio Caffè for espresso, Giolitti for old-school gelato and Armando al Pantheon, a historic trattoria serving Roman classics like amatriciana and polpette. To avoid some of the crowds, check out Enoteca Corsi, a small wine bar and restaurant that's popular with the locals, and Osteria delle Coppelle, a hip bar and eatery set in a pretty piazza. 

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Piazza della Rotonda
00186 Roma RM
Metro Spagna
Opening hours:
8.30am-7.15pm Mon-Sat; 8.30am-5.45pm Sun; 8.30am-12.45pm public holidays.
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