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What the hell is ethical nonmonogamy and why is it all over my Tinder?

What the hell is ethical nonmonogamy and why is it all over my Tinder?
Photograph: Shutterstock

On a recent afternoon, while idly swiping on Tinder, I came across the profile of a man, we’ll call him Bobby, who described himself as being in an “ethically nonmonogamous” relationship. While my primary goal of being on dating apps is masochism—JK, it’s a desire to maybe find a boyfriend or at least someone to date for a while—as a writer (especially one interested in the mating habits of New Yorkers), it’s hard not to seize on details like this. So I swiped right, and we were a match.  
I immediately emailed Bobby to explain that I am a writer who was not looking to date him but would be interested in talking to him about this ethical nonmonogamy thing. Would he? He said sure, on the condition of anonymity. Then something odd happened: The next two guys who came up in my feed also referenced ethical nonmonogamy. Those exact words. They did not say they were poly, they did not say they were in open relationships—they said they were ethically nonmonogamous. And you know what they say about threes: That right there is a trend.
Like most New Yorkers, I’ve seen a lot of things on Tinder. There’s the guy with the kid in the Baby Björn who, sending up the “not my kid” trend of men who pimp out their neflings to seem nurturing (stop doing that, please) proclaimed, “That is my kid, and I’m in an open relationship.” There’s this dude, who I can only presume wants me to walk him? Like a dog? (I politely decline, sir!)



There’s the man whose entire missive to me involved pasta: “Please unmatch me if you don’t like pasta. My pasta is the best.” So ethical nonmonogamy wasn’t particularly shocking or confounding (is there an anti-spaghetti movement I’m unaware of?), but it did seem to suddenly be blowing up my app.
I swiped right on those next two guys, Brett and Michael, and they were also both matches. (I won’t try to draw any conclusions about my matching with so many ethical nonmonogamists because who the hell knows why anyone matches with anyone these days.) I sent them the same email I’d sent Bobby, and both were equally open to talking, though Michael disappeared without a trace after that. (So, y’know, pretty much like my regular Tinder experience.)
My first question for Bobby and Brett was whether an ethically nonmonogamous relationship is the same as an open one. “I think that depends on who's defining it,” Bobby said. “For me the terms can be interchangeable.” Brett agrees: “It seems like it's essentially the same thing. The only divide I find is between people who are simply non-monogamous and those who are polyamorous. People who identify as poly seem to be less casual with their relationships. They might have multiple people that they consider significant others. For my girlfriend and me, we are always each other's primary partner, and no one else can ever come before each other.”  
Relationships have gotten increasingly nontraditional and free in recent years—or at least, people are more open about how nontraditional and free they can be. But this “ethical nonmonogamy” thing was new to me. Weirdly, in my head I keep flipping it to “nonethical monogamy,” which sounds like entirely less fun, or sometimes I accidentally type “ethical monogamy,” which probably seems either redundant or oxymoronic, depending on how you feel about, well, monogamy. But that word ethical…it’s something I’m used to hearing in reference to how the chicken I just ordered at some farm-to-table joint in Cobble Hill was raised, not in reference to relationships.
I asked Brett to explain it to me. A little background: He and his girlfriend have been together for over eight years, open for just over two. You’ll note the math there and realize they went NM (nonmonogamous) a little before the seven-year mark (think of them as early bloomers). Brett himself references that notorious need to scratch as the impetus for their arrangement: “Call it the seven-year itch, if you will, but I started to feel like I was missing out on something.” When I asked him what, exactly, he said it wasn’t as simple as sex—which is what I assumed. For Brett, it was the thrill of the chase, the idea of meeting new people, which is kind of adorably innocent-sounding, actually. "I came to the conclusion that I wanted to end things with my girlfriend,” he says, “but when I did, that didn't feel right, either. After a rather long week apart, where we both did and said some things we regretted, we sat down and had a very long discussion about us and our relationship. I expressed my feelings about ‘missing out’ in a more direct way, and she asked if an open relationship was something that I might want to try. I wasn't sure yet if she was serious, or just trying to salvage the relationship, but she was actually the first person to go on a date after we made the agreement. After that, I kind of felt relieved, because I knew she was on board.”
For Bobby, it was his wife, a sex worker who lived in another city, who suggested the arrangement. “Up until we met I was a serial monogamist, and for the seven years before we met she had been already doing more open dating.”
Both scenarios sent up red flags for me, or rather, the same red flag, twice: Both Bobby and Brett’s girlfriend seemed to have entered into situations that were unnatural to them but entered into them for the purpose of having a relationship with someone they cared about. Both seemed to have handed over power in some way. (Maybe relationships aren’t about power, and the fact that I think they are is why I’m single. Who knows. That’ll have to wait for another essay.)
When I first mentioned to my co-workers that I wanted to do a story on this apparent trend, a few scoffed. “I don’t buy it,” one said, and what she meant, of course, was that she didn’t believe that people could simultaneously have healthy, happy relationships with each other while also being sexually or emotionally intimate with other people. And I get that—I’m not sure I could do it. (In fact, a boyfriend once suggested we have a threesome, and even though I found the idea of it thrilling, not only was I sure that our going through with it would be the end of us, his mere suggestion of it threatened to undo me.)
But here’s the thing: The older I’ve gotten, the less judgmental I’ve become about the choices people make in their relationships. Know why? They’re their relationships. What goes on between two (or three or twelve) consenting adults doesn’t actually need to make sense to anyone else. It’s why I find the “love is love” movement both beautiful and infuriating. Because love is love, but people shouldn’t have to be in love to do whatever they want with their lives or their bodies. People should be allowed to be together for whatever fucking reason they want, in whatever way they want. “Love is love’ is an appeasement to people who can’t shake themselves free of traditional heteronormative paradigms, and the same thing goes for “I don’t buy it.” A person who doesn’t buy it—whether “it” is ethical nonmonogamy or bisexuality or anything else they don’t understand—is really saying that because they lack the imagination to comprehend something, it can’t possibly exist. But one person’s lack of comprehension about something doesn’t automatically make that something not so.
Whoops, got ranty. (Sorry.) But fine, the doubts. I get it. I have them, too. In fact, maybe that entire paragraph right there is me speaking to myself, because how, exactly, does this ethical nonmonogamy business even work?
For Bobby, “it means that we set up rules to help each other feel loved and secure and safe. And those rules can and do shift over time so we check in with each other to see how the other is doing and make changes if need be. Maybe that means we tell each other everything, or maybe it means don't ask don't tell.”  
“I've heard of some open couples having a ‘don't ask; don't tell policy,’ Brett says, “but we're the opposite. Even if we sleep with another person, we always fill each other in. We don't have to get into gory details, so to speak, but if I have sex with someone, I absolutely have to let her know, and vice versa. It's all about communication. The part that some people have trouble wrapping their minds around is that this has actually brought us closer in ways, and I think that's due to our very open communication.”








It’s something I’ve heard before, from a friend I know who’s in an open marriage, and I’ll admit that every time he says it I mentally call bullshit. Because it feels defensive. A protesting too much, if you will, about something that seems antithetical to everything we’ve been taught about relationships. (Or maybe that’s just him, and the angry undercurrent I hear in his voice any time he talks about it.) But the thing I think I’m realizing is that everyone is different. Maybe if you’ve found the right person for you—and both of you find other things in other people, and you’re ethical with one another, whatever that means for you—then who knows. Who am I (or you or anyone) to say it can't bring two people closer?

“Basically the way it works for us,” Brett says, “is we just set a few ground rules. Not much is off the table. The hard and fast rules are we can't bring anyone to our apartment, we have to use protection, and we can't ever let another person get in the way of our relationship. We're not looking to find other significant others. If we get along, we can certainly continue to see someone, but it always remains pretty casual.”
For Bobby—whose wife lives in Philly—his goal of being on Tinder is a relationship with a woman in NYC while maintaining his marriage. (His wife has been dating a woman for the past few months.)
What’s become clear is that ethical nonmonogamy is, like everything else in this world, not a one-size-fits-all proposition: Bobby and his wife have had a positive sexual experience with another couple. Brett and his girlfriend are both straight and have never dated the same person. (Michael, I can only assume, has never actually dated anyone because he ghosts on all of them. Just joshin’ ya, Michael.) Brett and his girlfriend and are open with their friends and family about being ethically nonmonogamous. Bobby and his wife sometimes are, sometimes aren’t—but, he tells me, “part of the reason I am doing this interview is to give indirect support for someone who might read this and may be dipping their toes in open waters.  Love, sex, jealousy... These can be pretty intense things and I just want to send some good vibes out if someone needs it."
Which leads to an interesting (and sad) addendum to this whole thing: As I was in the process of writing, Bobby emailed me to say that his wife had cheated on him outside the bounds of their agreement, and so he was leaving her. (I followed up to ask exactly what she’d done but didn’t hear back. Understandable—it’s not fun hashing out the details of a breakup while you’re going through it.) And while it may sound incomprehensible—how the hell do you cheat in an open relationship?!?—it makes perfect sense to me. Every relationship has rules, whether tacit or explicit, open ones included. If you have certain boundaries—always say when you’re going out with someone else, never bring someone to your place—then transgressing is transgressing. Where that boundary lies is just what’s different for people.
So there you have it, peeps. Ethical nonmonogamy. Coming (no doubt) to a Tinder near you soon. Maybe I’ll try it out and follow this up with a blog about what it’s like to be the third in one of these increasingly common triangles. (JK.) (OR AM I?) 



Christopher N

As intriguing as this sounds, I doubt it would ever be equitable or balanced. What I mean is, my wife is very attractive, and would have literally 1,000 opportunities for sex outside of our relationship on a daily basis, even if she told the men she had a husband. An attractive woman (or even a not so attractive woman) could tell a man virtually anything, and most men would still have sex with the woman. In case you didn't know this, men will say and do almost anything to have sex....especially with an attractive woman. Yes, even tell them that they're interested in "ethical non-monogamy", that they'd love to "date" them, and they're cool with the fact that she's married. Whereas, as a man, I bet it would be nearly impossible to find a woman who was cool with the fact that I was married. In fact, I'd be lucky to find three or four women a year who would be interested in having sex with a married man, or dating him. I guess this is a prime example of female privileged.

Rebecca V

A male friend of mine recently told me he's an 'ethical non-monogamous'. Initially I laughed. Partially because it's a label that sounds ridiculous, secondly because he's been an unabashed serial dater for decades, and lastly because he's a narcissist. He was offended by my reaction. He expressed that his revelation was 'really serious' and he didn't like that I seemed dismissive of his declaration. No offense, but REALLY? It's not like being societally repressed for years and coming out of the closet. Not even close.

I'd never heard the e.n.m term, seems a bit too trendy to say out loud. Ethical non-monogamy to him meant that in order to date or sleep with people he must declare he's an e.n.m upfront. Didn't seem much more to it than that. According to him, the 'ethical' part is to ensure others know your label/behavior from the on-set. They don't have to like it, but it's the e.n.m's duty to say upfront. Ethically much like an individual with HIV should name this upfront before sex with another.

My interpretation: it's a 'get out of jail free' card for those who might want justification for being non-committal. In his case, he's never had an adult monogamous relationship, so it seemed like he was knocking monogamy before he even tried it. He said that he didn't feel incapable of a monogamous relationship, but it's something he's not interested in. I can understand his need to identify with a label/group. Hell -- nowadays sexuality and sexual orientation is a potpourri of confusion. Thus, the need for all of these self-defining labels.

After indulging with him about the topic of e.n.m, I felt even more confused. Why does it rub me the wrong way? Does my adverse reaction to the label say something about me? I've always considered myself progressive and open-minded about sexuality and non-conventional relationships. Perhaps I'm just jealous and need to find my own label? JK. 

In all seriousness, I enjoyed this article. It's the first and maybe only that I'll read on this topic. Further research on it seems like a big ole' waste of time. Perhaps I'm old fashioned, but whatever happened to 'it's none of your business'? Must we wear our sexuality on our sleeve? It's just not shocking anymore.

Vanessa K

@Rebecca V

Totally agree. 

If what we do in the privacy of our own bedrooms is meant to be our business?! then why are we so interested in making it everyone else's? Same go's for pornography/pornographers. Turning sex into a toxic industrialised commodified product. 

The truth is ... people who behave this way are either inexperienced, insecure & usually filled with shame 


They're pathologically afflicted... like you mentioned with your friends N.P.D.

I kind of feel sorry for these people in a way... because without a conscience or emotional connection to any one person.. there is never any room for personal or spiritual growth. 

These people will live their entire lives running from mate to mate like common rats in a sewer & probably end up dying alone. 

How sad for them. 

Ethically N


So I'm married, been with my Husband for nearly 7 years, and for half of our relationship we have organically grown and changed into an ethically non monogamous marriage. We are a powerhouse of a couple, and I know no one who has a relationship as watertight as ours. 

My husband was a virgin when we met and had never had a girlfriend. I had had many partners and sexual experiences. I was the one that instigated everything sexually in our relationship. We started just having a threesome, then moved to swinging, then after a year of that, ethical non monogamy. i realised very early on that allowing my husband to have a colourful, diverse sexual life and to learn intimacy, respect, and communication with other lovers was significantly boosting his confidence, self esteem, his ability to read non verbal cues, and in general was making him a better lover, a better communicator, a better husband, and just a more well rounded, better human being. I am so proud of how far he has come, and knowing that he is so respectful and kind to these other women gives me joy as there are so many sexist dicks out there. I also take comfort knowing that if something were to happen to me and i was to pass away, that he would easily be able to find another partner with confidence and ease because he knows how to communicate and connect. I also find joy in the occasional sexy rendezvous and have a handful of very close friends that I also sleep with from time to time. We don't view sex in the same way as other people do- we like to share it, enjoy being with different people from different walks of live, to learn from it, and find intimacy and deep human connections, which until we started this, we didn't know it was possible to do so in sex without love.

Anyway, my point is, is that relationships grow and change. Will this be our forever? I'm not sure, but we have had basically no fights, no jealousy (because we are very secure and both very happy with our agreed terms that nothing and no one feels threatening to us), a beautiful friendship, communication skills of people twice our age (we are only in our mid twenties) and we have been able to share moments together and hilarious stories together that we can look back on and laugh and reminisce about. Do I think i could be ENM in a relationship from the get go? No, no I don't think so. At least give me a few years to really get to know a person and have that time to build the foundations and framework, and then we can go exploring once all of that is set in stone. I think a lot of people have issues with ENM because they see it as cheating. The definition of cheating is to act dishonestly or unfairly, but if your partner knows about your behaviour because its communicated and it fits within the parameters that have been outlined in the relationship, then that is not cheating. You cannot "cheat with permission" as someone said below. By the very definition of cheating, that is impossible. 

So in summary. Relationships all have their own frameworks and parameters of what is acceptable behaviour and what isnt. It is about creating boundaries that are appropriate and work for both parties and communicating with honesty and authenticity. if you cannot do this in your relationship, regardless of whether it is monogamous or non monogamous, your relationship will not work out in the long run. 

Beth A

This whole concept just bothers me to high hell! I only see it as a way for people to cheat with permission. Having met and dated dudes who are clearly this way but don't openly admit it, I hate that there is an "ethical" label being used for cheating. Most likely, safe sex isn't even a consideration in most cases so there's the disease factor. What happened to good old-fashioned monogamous relationships??

Vanessa K

@Beth A  Totally agree. Theres nothing ethical about it. These people are so full of their own BS. The level of conceit & arrogance it takes to literally try & redefine shitty, selfish, disconnected, harmful behaviour under the banner of "ethical" is absurd. 

At the very least just call your behaviour out for what it is. 

Even the worst kinds of depraved psychopaths know what they are & are willing to admit it. 

These people are beyond delusional. 

Chris P

@Vanessa K @Beth A There's nothing ethical about telling the truth about your sexual life and desires to a potential sex partner?  On what planet?  You're comparing people who don't want a traditional relationship to depraved psychopaths without a hint of irony but they're the delusional ones?  Uh, ok.  I love the prattling on about admitting what they when that's *literally* what they're doing.  That's the point.  But that's not good enough for you, right?  They're bad people because they don't want exactly what you want in a relationship and they're arrogant?  Womp, womp.

"Sounds like cheating with permission!" 

Cheating with permission sounds a lot like not cheating at all.  Exactly like it.

"I hate that there's an ethical label being used for cheating."

There isn't.  Cheating is always unethical.  This is honesty.  The opposite of unethical.  

Safe sex absolutely is a consideration.  You're literally just making shit up. The fact that you personally know an asshole doesn't mean every polyamorous man and woman is a degenerate.  The fact that people are frustrated that they can't find what they want shouldn't mean other people should be shamed for having different needs and desires.  

This is honestly just a pathetic take down, heavy on strawman arguments and light on reality.

Jag G

I'm possibly on a verge of finding out how it is to be the third person. I'm still not convinced I can do/be that.

I met the first person in the enm marriage that I find really attractive and exciting to the point where I am considering it. I'm pretty sure I wouldn't be able to be one of them with sharing the person I love with anyone else, but it's a fascinating although scary concept.

I'm curious of the author of this article gave it a try in the end?

Jag G

I'm possibly on a verge of finding out how it is to be the third person. I'm still not convinced I can do/be that.

I met the first person in the enm marriage that I find really attractive and exciting to the point where I am considering it. I'm pretty sure I wouldn't be able to be one of them, sharing the person I love with anyone else, but it's a fascinating although scary concept.

I'm curious of the author of this article gave it a try in the end?

Cameren C

There are a few things that I want to say about your article, the first is thank you for realizing that even if you don't understand it that doesn't make it invalid for the people it works for. Some kids never believe in Santa some adults still want to.

I am a pansexual polyamorous person currently in a monogamous lesbian relationship. The only issue I have about making that line between poly and e.n.m. is that for me being poly doesn't mean that my first partner isn't like Brett's number one. That only means that I will allow myself to fall in love with someone outside of my partner, and my partner accepts that it's possible for me to be in love with more than one person. Just because I love someone doesn't mean I'm trying to have forever with all of them. Just that I'm capable of it. So there really is no difference between poly and ethical nonmonogamy if that's the standard. Unless you're saying that you'll never get to a point where you've fallen in love with someone else, but it's hard to control the emotions that you let out of your pandora's box to find whatever it is you're "missing". 

And to the 7 year itch guy? I would say that you are experiencing a plateau because you've checked all the boxes that your current girlfriend meets on your rubric and you realize that she hasn't got as many as you'd have liked. SHE'S "missing" the other things you're looking for in a partner, but has checked so many other also important boxes (they're not the same; they have different value and weight) that you can't rule her out. So it seems like you're looking for someone who checks more boxes than your gf but not willing to risk losing her while you look for her replacement. What is ethical about that at all? You are essentially just trying to eat your cake and have it too, until you realize in what 10 years the fact that she would do this for you even in the first place means she was the right one the whole time? And you've spent time you can't get back just to be 1000% sure you're not missing anything with someone else, but that's also time you don't get to double spend with your partner. "Comparison is the death of joy." I learned that today and you've got a bad case of grass is greener syndrome. I was with a man who I felt I could marry and be happy with. But there was no room in my relationship with him to be open and experience women which is something I longed for, to experience with him in a safe, open environment. He did not allow that. He stopped responding to me sexually and lied about the reason for it. I ended up cheating on him with this woman, and while I regret that I wasn't upfront about leaving him first, I don't regret what happened. I found someone who checked more boxes, and he didn't allow me to do it in a way that was productive honest or safe. But she knew I liked men, and has since allowed us to experience things together. We've had a boyfriend, and a girlfriend and she even cheated on me. (I forgave her but its not without it's resounding issues) But there's no guarantee you won't do what my sister calls shooting the moon, which is meet that one person who could check more boxes. And you'll be okay as long as you don't shoot the moon. Because then you'll leave your gf and have a new number one because I'm sure she won't accept not being number one anymore. 

Brett V

@Cameren C Hi, Cameren. I'm the person she was quoting in the article. She wanted to know the difference between poly and ENM, and I explained it as best I could. I'm sure it means lots of different things to lots of different people. As for experiencing a plateau, you're right. We were. But becoming open got us over the plateau, and two years later our relationship is as strong as ever. Just as I'm sure you expect others not to make assumptions about your relationship, I'd ask you to do the same about mine.