Along with the fado singer’s black shawl, this work by José Malhoa is one of the main symbols of this archetypal Lisbon music. Though much criticised by intellectuals when it was completed in 1910, the painting (or rather paintings – there are two, of which this is the larger one) is now a fado icon. To paint it, Malhoa spent 35 days in the home of Adelaide da Facada (a woman who was no better than she should be), where she and the fado singer Amâncio posed for him. They are depicted with various iconic items, such as wine on the table, a pot of sweet basil with the traditional scrap of paper bearing a verse attached, the Portuguese guitar, religious prints of the Senhor dos Passos and São Lázaro (both saints who were very much venerated by Lisbon residents), cigarette stubs on the floor. There is also a fan, a pair of bandarilhas (from bullfighting) and a photograph of a toureiro.