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Photograph: Guy Edwardes
Photograph: Guy Edwardes

10 butterflies you can spot in London (and where to find them)

Taking part in the Big Butterfly Count? Here are some super places in London to spot the beautiful insects

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This year’s Big Butterfly Count is on right now. The annual project asks people around the UK to track the number and types of butterflies in their neighbourhood. The result: an environment health check that lets us know if nature is flourishing or floundering. But where are the best places to spot butters? We asked the London Wildlife Trust for tips on which butterflies you can spot in London (and where you can go to see them). 

Although an urban city may not be the most obvious home for a butterfly, the capital plays host to a remarkable array of them. Gardens, parks, road verges and nature reserves offer vital habitat for the chromatic creatures, as well as specialist habitat sites such as the chalk grassland of Hutchinson’s Bank, Chapel Bank and Riddlesdown SSSI (a site of special scientific interest) nature reserves in Croydon. Keep an eye out for these butterflies when next out in your garden or on a walk. Although please remember to practise safe social distancing when outside your home.

1. Peacock

Peacock butterfly

 

Photograph: Gillian Day

 

An outlandish pattern of eye-spots frightens away potential predators, especially when combined with the peacock’s ability to hiss by rubbing its wings together. A regular visitor to gardens (leave a few nettles for its caterpillars to eat), it can be spotted at nature reserves like Gunnersbury Triangle in Chiswick.

2. Speckled wood

Photograph: Vaughn Matthews

 

Photograph: Vaughn Matthews

 

Once known as the Enfield eye, this butterfly is increasing its range, enjoying woodlands, parks and gardens. Often encountered resting on paths or spiralling up and down with a rival, it can be spotted in woodlands such as Oak Hill Wood in Barnet.

3. Small blue

Chris Lawrence

 

Photograph: Chris Lawrence

 

Britain’s smallest butterfly is found on warm, unshaded chalk downlands such as those skirting the capital’s southern edges between Biggin Hill, Coulsdon and Banstead. It can be found in abundance at Hutchinson’s Bank nature reserve in New Addington, one of the top sites for them in the country.

4. Red admiral

Photograph: Guy Edwardes

 

Photograph: Guy Edwardes

 

A remarkably resilient butterfly that can migrate to Britain from Europe and also survive our winter as an adult. Sometimes spotted gorging on rotting fruit, it’s a distinctive sight sunning itself on scrub at Braeburn Park nature reserve in Crayford as well as Horsenden Hill, Wanstead Park, Hampstead Heath and back gardens.

5. Marbled white

Photograph: Guy Edwardes

 

Photograph: Guy Edwardes

 

Its caterpillars spend the winter tucked away in a grassy tussock (a type of grass), awaiting the summer when its mottled black-and-white adults dance in the meadows. Recently expanding its range from suburban strongholds to inner London boroughs, it can be seen at Brockley and Ladywell Cemetery.

6. Comma

Photograph: Richard Burkmarr

 

Photograph: Richard Burkmarr

 

Its ragged shape makes the comma unique among British butterflies, although it is named for the obscure, white comma mark on its underwing. It’s regularly seen in London’s parks and nature reserves, where its caterpillars (camouflaged as bird droppings) feed on stinging nettles and hops.

7. White-letter hairstreak

Photograph: John Bridges

 

Photograph: John Bridges

 

With its caterpillars feeding on elm tree leaves, this butterfly suffered in the wake of Dutch elm disease in the 1970s. Now making a comeback thanks to disease-resistant cultivated elms, it can be seen flitting in and out of the canopy of elms at Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens and at Nunhead Cemetery.

8. Holly blue

HOLLY BLUE

 

Photograph: Philip Precey

 

The most commonly seen blue butterfly in the capital, the holly blue can be found fluttering around parks, gardens, cemeteries and urban woodlands, between April and September. Its success in London is largely due to the abundance of its two favourite foods: holly and ivy.

9. Purple hairstreak

Purple hairstreak

 

Photograph: Philip Precey

 

First recorded at One Tree Hill in Honor Oak in the 1760s, this striking butterfly is now widespread across London throughout July and August. Unusually it is most active in the early evening and can be seen flitting around at the top of mature oak trees, such as those on Streatham Common or in Gutteridge Wood.

10. Silver-washed fritillary

Silver-washed fritillary

 

Photograph: Margaret Holland

 

A large yet graceful resident of woodland glades such as at Sydenham Hill Wood and Epping Forest. Males patrol their territory while females search for violets on which to lay their eggs.

To find out how London Wildlife Trust is helping London’s butterfly and insect population to thrive, head here

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