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There’s an old joke that sculpture is the thing you bump into when you back up to get a better look at a painting, but sculpture demands a more real-world form of engagement than a two-dimensional object in a frame. That’s because no matter where you might encounter it—as a statue in Central Park, say, or as a public art project, or as part of the collection at The Met, MoMA or the Guggenheim—sculpture always shares the same three-dimensional space that you do. Instead of staring at a canvas or drawing from a more or less fixed position, sculptures are meant to be experienced in the round, compelling you to change your point of view as you interact with them. Since time immemorial, sculptors have explored this relationship between viewer, space and material object in a myriad of ways—as you can see in our list of the top famous sculptures of all time.